which jobs are least likely to be replaced by automation


Career Consultant & Blog Writer

Published: March 3, 2024

Jobs least likely to be replaced by automation are those that demand a high level of emotional intelligence, creativity, and complex decision-making. Examples include healthcare professions like doctors and surgeons, roles in innovation and design such as architectural designers, and hands-on professions like electricians and plumbers.

Which jobs are least likely to be replaced by automation? However, not every job is at risk. Certain professions demand uniquely human skills that machines struggle to replicate, ensuring a level of job security even in the face of automation.

Understanding Automation

Automation involves the use of technology to perform tasks with minimal human intervention. Jobs that are repetitive and rule-based are more susceptible to automation, while those requiring creativity, emotional intelligence, and complex decision-making are less likely to be replaced.

Analyzing Job Characteristics

Jobs Requiring Emotional Intelligence

Professions that involve understanding and managing human emotions, such as therapists and social workers, rely heavily on emotional intelligence. Machines lack the nuanced understanding and empathy required for these roles, making them less prone to automation.

Highly Creative Professions

Creativity is a distinctly human trait that machines struggle to replicate. Jobs in the arts, design, and content creation rely on the ability to think outside the box and generate novel ideas, making them resistant to automation.

Complex Decision-Making Roles

Roles that demand intricate decision-making based on a variety of factors are less likely to be automated. Human judgment, intuition, and the ability to navigate complex situations give certain professions a shield against the encroachment of automation.

Jobs Least Likely to be Replaced by Automation

Doctors and SurgeonsDeep understanding of human anatomy, nuanced decision-making, and compassion.
Nursing and Patient CareTechnical skills, empathy, and communication.
Mental Health ProfessionalsAbility to connect on an emotional level and address mental health nuances.
Architectural DesignersRequires a deep understanding of human needs and aesthetics.
Research and Development EngineersInvolves ideation, problem-solving, and adaptability.
Classroom TeachersDynamic profession involving adapting to unique student needs.
Vocational TrainersHands-on instruction and mentorship in vocational fields.
Electricians and PlumbersAdaptability and problem-solving in skilled trades.
Automotive TechniciansTechnical expertise and hands-on diagnostics in automotive repair.
Cybersecurity ExpertsHuman intuition and adaptability in the ever-evolving landscape of cybersecurity.
IT ConsultantsUnderstanding client needs and devising tailored IT solutions.


In a world where automation is reshaping industries, certain jobs stand as pillars of resilience. Professions that leverage emotional intelligence, creativity, and complex decision-making are less likely to be replaced by machines. Whether in healthcare, design, education, skilled trades, or IT, the human touch remains irreplaceable.